Lithops - South African Plants That Look Like Stones
Lithops - Lithops is a class of succulent plants in the ice plant family, Aizoaceae. Individuals from the class are local to southern Africa. The name is gotten from the Ancient Greek words λίθος (líthos), signifying "stone," and ὄψ (óps), signifying "face," alluding to the stone-like appearance of the lithops plants.
Lithops abstain from being eaten by mixing in with encompassing rocks and are frequently known as pebble plants or living stones. The development of the name from the Ancient Greek "-ops" implies that even a solitary plant is known as a Lithops.
Individual Lithops plant comprises at least one set of bulbous, nearly intertwined passes on inverse to one another and scarcely any stem. The cut between the leaves contains the meristem and produces blossoms and new leaves.
The leaves of Lithops are generally covered beneath the outer layer of the dirt, with some extent or a totally clear top surface known as a leaf window which permits light to enter the inside of the leaves for photosynthesis.
During winter another leaf pair, or sporadically more than one, develops inside the current melded leaf pair.
In spring the old leaf pair parts to uncover the new leaves and the old leaves will then, at that point, evaporate.
Lithops leaves might shrivel and vanish at a subterranean level during the dry season. Lithops in natural surroundings never have more than one leaf pair for every head, apparently as a variation to the dry climate.
Yellow or white blossoms rise out of the gap between the leaves after the new leaf pair has completely developed, one for every leaf pair.
This is ordinarily in harvest time, yet can be before the mid-year solstice in Lithops pseudotruncatella and after the colder time of year solstice in L. optica. The blossoms are frequently pleasantly scented.
Lithops flourish best in a coarse, very depleted substrate. Any dirt that holds an excess of water will make the plants burst their skins as they over-grow.
Plants developed further light will foster hard emphatically hued skins which are impervious to harm and decay, albeit industrious overwatering will, in any case, be deadly.
Extreme intensity will kill pruned plants as they can't cool themselves by happening and depend on remaining covered in cool soil underneath the surface.
Business cultivators blend a gentle fungicide or frail strength agricultural sulfur into the plant's water to forestall spoiling.
Low light levels will make the plants profoundly defenseless to decaying and parasitic diseases.
Propagation of Lithops is by seed or cuttings. Cuttings must be utilized to deliver new plants after a plant has normally partitioned to frame numerous heads, so most proliferation is by seed.
Lithops can promptly be pollinated manually in the event that two separate clones of an animal category blossom simultaneously, and the seed will be ready around 9 months after the fact.
Seed is not difficult to grow, yet the seedlings are little and powerless for the primary little while, and won't blossom until any less than a few years of age.
Since they flourish in low dampness, need rare watering and care, and are moderately simple to develop, Lithops are famous oddity houseplants. With their little size and slow, conservative development these plants don't occupy a lot of space.
Tragically, Lithops seed can require as long as a year to sprout and requires painstakingly controlled conditions. This makes them fairly uncommon and challenging to track down in nurseries
More seasoned plants fill in bunches of "rocks or stones" giving them their unique look. Lithops will endure serious intensity and brilliant, aberrant light as well as chilly temperatures, however just momentarily. These are non-poisonous to felines and canines.
Lithops like being watered most during pre-summer and summer, however, it might require intermittent watering throughout the colder time of year. At the level of its development period in hotter months, you'll probably end up watering once at regular intervals.
Lithops are delicate to watering during sweltering climate, which can make the plants decay; in living space the plants are much of the time lethargic when the temperatures are high, doing the greater part of their developing during the cool a very long time of the year.
"We have these at the greenhouse where I work. When they grow they split open at that seam on the top and a new one emerges! Really freakin' cool!"
"I bought seeds to grow lithops but the seeds are tinier than a grain of sand! Any tips for growing them??"
"They hate water. You need to really look into how to keep them. They are super low maintenance but easy to kill if you overdo it."
"They really do, don’t they? How do you measure what too much is in this case? I had one and apparently the watering was obviously and plainly too much."
"We do it by weight. Lift the pot up, does it feel light? Add 1 cup of water. Does it feel heavy’ish? Put it down, rotate 90°."
Lithops are famous houseplants and numerous expert succulent producers keep up with assortments. Seeds and plants of the lithops plant are generally accessible in shops and over the Internet. They are somewhat simple to develop and really focus on whenever given adequate sun and kept in well-depleting soil.